Proclaiming Sacred Mysteries

Patriarch Tikhon Choir Nurtures Sounds of the Orthodox Church

SOURCE: The New York Times
By Vivien Schweitzer

The Patriarch Tikhon Choir, a mixed-voice professional ensemble of 35 American, Canadian and Russian singers, was formed recently to focus on Orthodox Christian sacred music, a tradition it hopes to nurture in the United States.

Patriarch Tikhon Choir The group's debut at St. Malachy's Church. Photo: Ruby Washington/The New York Times Patriarch Tikhon Choir The group's debut at St. Malachy's Church. Photo: Ruby Washington/The New York Times

A substantial audience that included many monks turned up to hear the ensemble — named for a missionary saint who helped expand Orthodoxy in early 20th-century America — give its debut concert on Monday evening at St. Malachy’s Roman Catholic Church (the Actors’ Chapel) in the theater district.

Led by Vladimir Gorbik, a conductor on the faculty of the Moscow State Conservatory, the ensemble offered a program called “Their Sound Hath Gone Forth.” It featured works from the Orthodox All-Night Vigil and Divine Liturgy, including stark centuries-old Znamenny Chant, with selections sung in both Church Slavonic and English.

The chorus demonstrated an appealingly blended sound, austere and somber in the chant and joyous and more full-blooded in the works by Rachmaninoff.

According to the program book, contemporary composers who write sacred music and embrace the Orthodox Church are not interested “in constructing a unique musical identity for themselves per se, but rather in faithfully carrying on and humbly adding to a living tradition of sung prayer, just as their predecessors did before them.” (One exception, the Estonian composer Arvo Pärt, has created sacred works in a distinctive contemporary style.)

The arrangements and compositions by living or 20th-century Russian and American Orthodox composers included on the lineup here — like Benedict Sheehan’s “Thrice-Holy” (2012) — had nothing in the way of harmonic twists or other contemporary markers to distinguish them from the traditional pieces on the program.

The polyphonic selections proved to be the highlights, in particular an arrangement by Sergius Trubachov of “Gladsome Light,” a type of chant that originated in the Valaam Monastery in northwestern Russia and blends features of Byzantine and Znamenny genres. The female, then male voices blended beautifully, quiet and reserved before swelling to a more sumptuous sound.

The program concluded with “Let God Arise,” a concerto by Dmitry Bortniansky (1751-1825), in which a lone soprano soared expressively above the choir.

The Patriarch Tikhon Choir sings on Wednesday at 8 p.m. at St. Peter’s on Capitol Hill in Washington;


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