Source: Ancient Origins
December 16, 2020
The Pskov-Caves Monastery is a Russian Orthodox monastery located in the town of Pechory, in the northwestern part of Russia. The monastery was established during the 15th century AD and is well-known for a number of reasons. For a start, it is an important spiritual center for the Russian Orthodox Church. Additionally, it served a military function, being a stronghold that defended the western frontier of Russia. Thirdly, the Pskov-Caves Monastery is one of the few monasteries in Russia that was able to maintain its operations during WWII and throughout the Soviet regime.
The History Of The Pskov-Caves Monastery
The Holy Dormition Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery, often shortened to the Pskov-Caves Monastery, and known also as the Pechory Monastery, is located in Pechory, a town in Russia’s Pskov Oblast. This town is situated about 50 km (31 mi) to the west of Pskov, and just a few kilometers from Russia’s border with Estonia.
Officially, the date of the monastery’s foundation is the 15th / 28th of August 1473 AD. On that day, Saint Jonah (Shesnik), the founder of the monastery, consecrated the Church of the Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God, the first church incidentally built into the hillside of the monastery complex. It may be argued, however, that the monastery began its life earlier than that, i.e. around the middle of the 15 th century AD, as hermits started living in the local caves at that time.
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